Installing Applications and Servers in Debian GNU/Linux

Published December 01, 2004

6. Installing applications and servers

NOTE: Its always a good idea to run the following before you install any sofware. This refreshes the /etc/apt/sources.list cache.

apt-get update


Editors (emacs and Bluefish)

apt-get install emacs21 bluefish

Terminals (xterm and aterm)

apt-get install xterm aterm


Apache webserver 2 with PHP 4

apt-get install apache2 libapache2-mod-php4

MySQL server, MySQL client, PHP4 support for MySQL, phpMyAdmin (web based administration)

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client php4-mysql phpmyadmin

SSH server

apt-get install ssh

vsftpd FTP server

apt-get install vsftpd

My .emacs file:

;; Arul's Emacs customisations
;; Last updated: 25 August 2009

;; Don't show startup message
(setq inhibit-startup-message t)

;; Font lock mode
(when (fboundp 'global-font-lock-mode)
  (global-font-lock-mode t))

;; Maximum colours
(setq font-lock-maximum-decoration t)

;; Show trailing spaces with something
(setq show-trailing-whitespace t)

;; Set tab width to 4 spaces
(setq tab-width 4)

;; Force tabs to become spaces
(setq-default indent-tabs-mode nil)

;; Show blocked area
(setq transient-mark-mode t)

;; Highlight matching parenthesis
(show-paren-mode 1)

;; Highlight current line
;(global-hl-line-mode 1)

;; Show time

;; Make backspace WORK
(normal-erase-is-backspace-mode 0)

;; Show lines and columns
(line-number-mode "on")
(column-number-mode "on")

;; External packages
(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d")

(require 'linum)
(global-linum-mode 1)
(setq linum-format "%d ")

;; PHP colouring
;(require 'php-mode)

;;python mode stuff
;(setq auto-mode-alist
;      (cons '("\\.py$" . python-mode) auto-mode-alist))
;(setq interpreter-mode-alist
;      (cons '("python" . python-mode)
;            interpreter-mode-alist))
;(autoload 'python-mode "python-mode" "Python editing mode." t)

Emacs Commands

  C-x C-f      Find or Create file
  C-x C-s      Save file
  C-x C-w      Write to new filename (it prompts you)
  C-x C-b      Lists buffers
  C-x C-c      Quit emacs

  ESC ESC ESC  Cancelling whatever I am doing
  C-g          Abort command (like Ctrl C)
  C-_ or C-x u Undo/Redo (toggles)
  C-z         Suspend (to return, type %emacs)
  A-x         Run any command

  C-k          Cut text from cursor to end of line
  C-y          Paste text
  C-space      Mark the start for the block
  C-w         Mark the end of the block and CUT it
  A-w         Mark the end of the block and COPY it

  A-x replace-string ENTER  String replace from cursor to end of buffer
  A-x query-replace ENTER   String replace with querying
  A-%           Search and replace (press y when prompted)
  A-x grep ENTER        Perform a 'grep' search

  C-x 1       One window on current buffer
  C-x 2        Split window horizontally
  C-x 3        Split window vertically
  C-x o        Shift between windows
  C-x 0        Close current window
  C-v          Go forward one screen
  A-v          Go backward one screen

  A-v   Beginning of buffer
  C-v   End of buffer
  C-a   Beginning of line
  C-e   End of line
  A-f   Forward one word
  A-b   Back one word

  A-x what-line ENTER   Display current line number
  A-< C-u 20 C-n    Go to line number 20

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Last Updated: December 01, 2004. ย ย ย  This post was originally written on December 05, 2004.