2. Filesystem in Linux
Converting Ext2 to Ext3
Ext2 has been the Linux default filesystems until recently. But when the computer is rebooted without correctly shutting down, Ext2 filesystems are placed in an error state which could result in data loss.
Ext3 is a journalised filesystem made to remove those errors. If you want to replace Ext2 with Ext3, read on, or else go to the next page.
Login as root.
Unmount the /dev/hda4 partition.
If it doesn't unmount, then I remount it as read-only.
mount -o remount,rw /dev/hda4
Convert it to Ext3.
tune2fs -j /dev/hda4
/etc/fstab and in the
/dev/hda4 entry, change
Reboot (one of the very few times you'll be rebooting!!)
shutdown -h now
After you've rebooted, you'll find that you have Ext3 as your file system.
To verify, the following command shows the current file systems and mounted partitions.
Accessing the Windows partition from Linux
My Windows partition is called
/dev/hda1. To access it and give read and write permissions to all users, first create a directory called
Then edit your
/etc/fstab file and add this entry to the last line. Don't forget to press enter after you add this line.
/dev/hda1 /mnt/win vfat users,owner,rw,umask=000 0 0
Mount it with the command
Now any user can access the Windows partition with
If you have any questions, please contact me at arulbOsutkNiqlzziyties@gNqmaizl.bkcom. You can also post questions in our Facebook group. Thank you.