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apt-get and dpkg commands in Debian

Basics

Debian GNU/Linux uses apt short for Advanced Package Tool.

Install software using apt

  apt-get install software

Updating the list of packages in your sources.list.

  apt-get update

Update software using apt

  apt-get upgrade

To change the list of apt mirrors

  apt-setup

Search for package

  apt-cache search _package_

Uninstall software using apt apt-get remove software

Shortcuts

update the package lists

  apt-get update

update the available package lists

  dselect update

upgrade all installed packages

  apt-get upgrade

installs package

  apt-get install _pkg_

uninstall package

  apt-get remove _pkg_

show all installed and removed packages

  dpkg -l

show install status of package

  dpkg -l _pkg_

show all packages that match pattern

  dpkg -S _pattern_

list files in package

  dpkg -L pkg

show status of package

  dpkg -s pkg

show details of package

  dpkg -p pkg

list relevant packages

  apt-cache search string

install package from a deb file

  dpkg -i file.deb

purge package (and config?)

  dpkg -P pkg

re-run the configure for a package

  dpkg-reconfigure pkg

get the source

  apt-get source pkg

config build-deps for source and install as needed

  apt-get build-dep

install package from specific release

  apt-get -t release install pkg

prevent name from running at bootup

  update-rc.d -f name remove

upgrade the distribution

  apt-get dist-upgrade

Posted on 01 Apr 2008

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